Quinoa Salad—Delicious and Nutritious and Grain-Free

Quinoa is an ancient grain grown in the Andes. The Incas regarded the quinoa plant as sacred, and referred to it as chisoya mama or “mother of all grains.”

Quinoa (pronounced “keenwah”) is not actually a grain. It is a seed that is harvested from a species of a plant called goosefoot, making it neither a cereal nor a grain, and more closely related to spinach, beets and amaranth.

Quinoa is considered a perfect protein because it contains all nine essential amino acids. With its high protein content, it is often favored by vegetarians. Quinoa is also a good source of fiber, iron, copper, potassium, magnesium, thiamin and B6.

This quinoa salad is one of my favorite dishes. I often eat a large portion for lunch as a complete meal. Because the salad has plenty of protein and fat, I can coast for hours without feeling hungry.

Quinoa comes in many different colors, including red, black, yellow, golden, orange, green and brown.

 

Ingredients for Salad                         Makes 12 servings

1.5 cups quinoa

3 cups water

6 tablespoons chopped mint

6 tablespoons chopped cilantro

6 tablespoons chopped parsley

1 tsp Himalayan salt

1 small clove of crushed garlic (optional)

3 sticks celery, finely sliced

2 medium-sized carrots, finely sliced

1 small cucumber, diced

1 red onion, finely diced

4 scallions, chopped

1 medium red bell pepper, diced

½ cup sliced olives

2 cups of cashew pieces, dry-roasted

(Carnivores have the option of adding chopped, pasture-raised chicken)

 

Ingredients for Dressing 

3 limes freshly squeezed

6 tablespoons of extra virgin olive oil

1 tablespoons white wine vinegar

½ avocado, mashed

 

Preparation

  • Cook the quinoa ahead of time and set aside to cool to room temperature.
  • Place the cashew pieces on a cookie sheet and roast on low heat until lightly browned.
  • In a small bowl add the lime juice, extra virgin olive oil, white wine vinegar and the avocado. Whisk until thoroughly blended. Place in a small glass jar and set aside for the dressing.
  • Place the quinoa in a large bowl. Add the rest of the ingredients and mix.
  • Add the dressing only to the portion that you are ready to serve in order to preserve the fresh, crunchy taste of the quinoa salad.
  • Store the unused portion in a glass container with a lid in the fridge. The salad is still delicious up to four days after preparation.

Enjoy!!

More About Quinoa 

Quinoa originated in the Andes of South America and was domesticated for human consumption around 4,000 years ago in the Lake Titicaca basin of Peru and Bolivia. It has been an important staple in the Andean cultures where the plant is indigenous. 

When I lived high in the Andes of Ecuador in the early 1970s, I became very familiar with quinoa. The Peace Corps had assigned me to teach nutrition and home gardening in a small agricultural town called Guayllabamba, north of Quito. The mestizos in the town showed no interest in learning about nutrition and home gardening. They shunned quinoa.

When I asked the town elder to help me understand this strange phenomenon, he said that the people were proud that they could buy store-bought food and that they regarded quinoa as “food for Indians.” Although most of the people in Guayllabamba were Indians, they used the term “Indians” to refer to poor people who grew their own food and lived from the land.

I learned that during the Spanish conquest of South America, the colonists scorned quinoa. They were the first to disdainfully refer to quinoa as “food for Indians.” Spanish explorer Francisco Pizarro, in his resolve to destroy Incan culture, had quinoa fields burned. The indigenous people were forced to grow wheat. Only small amounts quinoa crops survived high in the mountains. 

When the town elder helped me to understand the history behind the townspeople’s behavior, I realized how futile it was for me to continue with my teaching assignment.

I returned to the Peace Corp office in Quito and explained my predicament to the staff. I asked if I could create my own assignment. They agreed.

I found a remote area high in the Andes at 12,000 ft. where I taught bilingual education, helping the quechua-speaking Indians learn Spanish.

Fields of colorful quinoa grow on the slopes Chimborazo, an inactive volcano in Ecuador.

Quinoa prefers the cool climate found at high altitudes and can thrive in poor soil without fertilizer or irrigation.

Quinoa growing around Lake Titicaca in Bolivia. Like many of the ancient grains, quinoa slipped into obscurity in 1532 with the arrival of the Spanish.

Red quinoa growing in the foothills of the Andes in Peru.

Only in the past few years has the plant become widely known to the rest of the world. Vast quantities are now exported to the health conscious first world, particularly the US.

In my blog post, “The River of No Return,” I introduced you to Alex Wankel, a visionary and entrepreneur. Alex grew up in the US with Peruvian roots from his mother.  For the past few years, he has been working with micro-entrepreneurs in the Andes to connect them with markets. Farmers have developed thousands of local varieties of quinoa that have the ability to adapt to climate change. Alex’s goal is to protect quinoa diversity by supporting the farmers who cultivate it. His startup is working to produce the first biodiversity-friendly quinoa milk made with multiple local quinoa varieties that have been carefully selected for their delicious milky flavor. http://www.pachakutifoods.com/

Fields of quinoa growing in Colorado, with the Sangre de Cristo Mountains in the background.

Quinoa was first cultivated in the US in 1983. The first crop grew in the high elevation of the San Luis Valley in southern Colorado.

Small-scale farmers in the Northwest are currently testing the crop, harvesting a few pounds of quinoa each fall among their rows of vegetables and fruits and selling the seeds at farmers markets. But growers so far have been unable to match the quality of quinoa that comes from the high mountains of South America.

With its majestic history and its impressive nutritional content, you might consider introducing this super-food into your diet—if you haven’t already.

 

 


Comments

Quinoa Salad—Delicious and Nutritious and Grain-Free — 16 Comments

  1. Thanks so much for the recipe! The dressing sounds yummy. We use quinoa for stuffing to avoid gluten. I have to say that quinoa really does keep me from getting hungry. We will add this to our menu this week!

    • I had a feeling that you already were familiar with quinoa. It would be great for your clients in helping them lose weight. Let me know how the recipe works out for you. Love, E

  2. Fortunately I opened the story and recipe for Qunioa as you told it.So fascinating- I copied the recipe and plan to serve it to my Vegan friends . I visited the Andes a few years ago and did go to Lake Titicaca.Loved it so much Boat trip on the lake. However, I suffered from altitude sickness and nothing helped. Also went to Machu Picu (Forgive incorrect spelling)which was wonderful. Thanks for the receipe It sounds perfect Jacquie Aucoin ffrom long ago

    • How lovely to hear from you, Jacquie. I think of you from time to time and wonder how you are doing. How exciting that you traveled in the Andes. When I was in the Peace Corps, my parents visited me. We went to Machu Pichu also, They got altitude sickness and were given coca tea which made them feel better. My father went home and told all his friends that he had “cocaine tea” for altitude sickness. I hope you’re doing well. Love, Erica

  3. I love Quinoa salad. Just recently, I prepared it for a potluck and it was a great hit. It is not very common to eat Quinoa in Austria. By the way, over the weekend I am doing a Calligraphy class with Kaz Takahashi. He is in Vienna for some days. It made me think of you!

    • Quinoa salad in Austria? Wow! I bet it was viewed as an exotic item. How wonderful that you’ll be taking a class with Kaz Takahashi. The calligraphy class was one of the best classes I have ever taken. I LOVED it. Grüße und Küsse aus Santa Fe, Erica

  4. When I heard that buying quinoa ameant that the indigenous people had to do without, I started to only buy quinoa grown in Canada. Very informative afrticle. I leanned a lot!

    • Thanks, Jo. It’s a complex issue with the quinoa and the indigenous people. If there is no middleman in the business transactions and direct sales could be made, then the indigenous people could make more money and be able to keep some of the quinoa for themselves to eat. The young entrepreneur, Alex, is trying to make that happen.

  5. Thank you for the delicious, nutritious recipe and lovely photos, Erica! I also so appreciate that you also shared about (some of) your time in Ecuador.

    As an organic, 100% chemical-free gardener and wanna-be farmer, I am quite sure that quinoa could be grown here in Santa Fe in our gardens, and would really thrive with some irrigation.

    This past summer at Plants of the Southwest, owner Gail Haggard had seeded purple amaranth in a row between the potted fruit trees for sale, and the most beautiful, amazing 4′ high plants were growing, with heavy seed heads bowing to the earth. Gail said that homegrown roasted and salted amaranth is the most yummy of treats. If I have the opportunity to plant quinoa, or amaranth, during the next growing season, I will let you know!

    With love and appreciation,

    • How exciting! If the amaranth thrives, then I don’t see why quinoa wouldn’t thrive as well since they are in the same family. Can’t wait to hear the results of your experiment. Love, Erica

  6. Stunning photos and a beautiful salad. Thank you for the article and recipe.
    It struck me that historically, human intervention, the Spanish in this case, seems synonymous with a serious degree of collateral damage…kind of like a bull in a china shop. How encouraging to see the pendulum swing in the opposite direction as shown by the works of people like Alex Wankel and other like-minded entrepreneurs.

    • Thank you for your thoughtful comment, Jane. It’s certainly true what you say about “the bull in the china shop.” And true about the pendulum starting to swing in the other direction. Love, E

  7. I started eating Quinoa a few years ago, when I had heard about the quality of protein and other nutrients in the product. I found it the flakes make an excellent cereal prior to my tennis matches and also golf. I have great energy and do not get hungry for several hours.

    Thank you for confirming what a great super food it is.

    • That’s great, Margo! Quinoa is indeed a super-food. Thankfully, agribusiness hasn’t ruined this wonderful food. It’s still unadulterated—not something that we can take for granted anymore. All the best, Erica

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